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 Oral language is a critical part of the FDK program.  Oral language is integrated into every aspect of the program to ensure children have a solid base for communicating their thoughts and ideas, develop comprehension skills, building social skills, and developing a good foundation for literacy.  Canadian Pharcharmy Online

Early on in September we begin expose children to letters and the associated sounds.  Each board has different programs, but I follow the Jolly Phonics program.  I collect assessment data late September/October to identify their oral language skills (OLA), letter and sound recognition, as well as DRA for SK.  This will give me a good baseline to see where I need to plan, who needs further support in either small or large group. 

Literacy blocks should include a combination of read aloud-supporting literacy strategies like retell, making connections, building comprehension, and gaining word knowledge; shared reading-emphasizing concepts of print like left to right, word by word reading http://www.eworkshop.on.ca/edu/core.cfm?p=modView.cfm&navID=modView&L=1&modID=8&c=2&CFID=11025755&CFTOKEN=e54e83faef4b802e-0E4CA749-1CC4-BC29-7C7D49BB15698087&jsessionid=f0307be8216bbe5ec1613b546519116024d1

independent reading where children have an opportunity to explore books of various genres either in the reading centres, during transition times, or in various centres. 

A focus on letters and sounds is integrated into the literacy block so students can acquire these skills to develop a strong foundation for reading and writing.

The picture below shows a variety of books with some ideas on how they could fit into a reading block with a teaching focus.

There is a look at at variety of reading strategies that can be integrated into the literacy block. In the read alouds we are modelling for the students and building on their comprehension.  Graphic organizers like a Go-Chart gives a visual of Charcters, Setting, Plot, Events, and ending. 

  Other ideas to include are the retell glove, working on schema, predicting, confirming, thinking about beginning, middle, end; asking what is your favourite part, sequencing, or comparing characters gets the children talking about books. 

In essence, we want to move children along to become independent readers.  This is a sample of ideas to include in a literacy block around reading.  Responding to reading about their favourite part, connections, etc. also solidifies their learning and comprehension skills.  Writing will be the next blog focusing on the literacy block.

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